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The Book of Obadiah is an oracle concerning the divine judgment of Edom and the restoration of Israel. The text consists of a single chapter, divided into 21 verses, making it the shortest book in the Hebrew Bible.
In Judaism and Christianity, its authorship is attributed to a prophet who lived in the Assyrian Period and named himself in the first verse, Obadiah. His name means “servant of Yahweh”.
In Judaism, Obadiah is considered a “later prophet”, one of the “Twelve Prophets” in the final section of Nevi’im, the second main division of the Tanakh.
In Christianity, the Book of Obadiah is classified as a minor prophet of the Old Testament, due to its short length.